Historical Security Council 1994
About the Committee: United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of theUnited Nations (UN) established by the UN Charter. The Security Council is created to maintain international peace and security and it is equipped with special powers. The Security Council has15 members, 5 of them being permanent members which have the right of veto. The SecurityCouncil’s resolutions have a binding nature that obliges the Member States to comply. In order to settle a dispute by peaceful means, the Council may recommend terms and methods of settlement, and ultimately it can impose sanctions and authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Council is active since its first session in 1946, and it has witnessed one of the heaviest moments in history in 1994.In 1994, the world has experienced the most rapid genocide in history in Rwanda.
Tutsis were the victims of this genocide. Between April and July 1994, approximately 800.000 people comprised of Tutsis and anyone having a link to a Tutsi was brutally murdered in a diligently organized program. The genocide was sparked by the shooting down of the Rwandan President’s plane; however, this event has resulted from centuries of injustice and violence between Tutsis andHutus especially after the colonial rule.During these times of surreal brutality, the actions of the United Nations is largely considered weak and insufficient, by the time the Council managed to send troops to Rwanda, the genocide had long been over. In Y-MUN 2018, delegates will face the challenges of this complex ethnic conflict and try to restore the security and sustainability in Rwanda in 1994 prior to horrendous crimes against humanity which the international community in 1994 was incapable of settling the issue.